Difference Between NC and CNC Machine [Notes & PDF]

The main differences between NC Machine and CNC Machine are NC Machine works on the X-Y or Straight-line axis but CNC Machine works X-Y-Z axis.

Today we are going to study the differences between NC and CNC Machine in detail.

Note: At the end of the article you can easily download PDF version.

So let’s start,

NC (Numerical Control) Machine:

As a name indicates Numerical control Machine, The operation is done to be feeding or inserting the code into the NC Machine.

This is a kind of manufacturing machine tool to perform several operations automatically.

CNC (Computer Numerical Control) Machine:

CNC Machine is an advanced version of NC and other Machine tools. CNC Machine is also a manufacturing machine tool in which several operations are performed automatically and the main features in it that in-between operation if code we want to change we can easily change.

So Now let’s move to differences,

Difference Between NC Machine and CNC Machine
Difference Between NC Machine and CNC Machine

Difference between NC machine and CNC Machine:

Here are the 15 Point on differences between NC Machine and CNC Machine:

Sl. NoNC MachineCNC Machine
1.NC stands for Numerical control machine.CNC stand for computer numerical control machine.
2.Here Punch card is used for storage. There is no memory storage card here.Memory storage is present because of the computer system here.
3.In the NC machine, The operation parameter can not be changed once indexed butIn the case of the CNC machine, the operation parameter can be changed easily.
4.NC machine works X-Y and straight-line axis.CNC works on the X-Y-Z axis.
5.NC machine is less costly.CNC machine is more costly.
6.It requires less maintenance. It requires require more maintenance.
7.In terms of accuracy, NC machine is less.Whereas the CNC machine has good accuracy.
8.NC machines are less flexible.CNC machines are more flexible.
9. The operation time is more here that means time taking is more for performing the operation.The operation time is less here.
10.A good or skilled operator require to perform on the NC machine.A semiskilled can perform on the CNC machine. The main things are users must have knowledge of computer system
11.The continuous running of machine is not possible butHere the continuous running of machines is possible.
12.For the execution of a job, the NC machine takes more time.CNC machine takes less time.
13.The NC machine works on only numeric, symbol and letters.This CNC machine works on G and M code.
14.NC machine unerstands numeric, symbol.It understands binary data(1s, 0s).
15.This is hardware based type system.This is software base system.
NC Machine vs CNC Machine

So here are all the points I have discussed and try to understand you. Now you tell us by commenting down Have you understood or not?

You can read all the terms of Manufacturing Technology in detail.

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Thank you for reading and keep visiting for more such articles.

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Amardeep Kumar

Amardeep will share information related to Mechanical Engineering in this platform. He is the author, editor at themechanicalengineering.com

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